java lemongrass essential oil puressentiel

Java citronella

Cymbopogon winterianus

Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), also called "Madagascar" or "India" citronella, is a perennial rhizome plant native to Indonesia.

  • Bath

  • Dermal application

  • Oral route

  • Respiratory route

Citronella essence must always be used diluted on the skin.

Do not use in: pregnant or breast-feeding women, children under the age of three years, persons allergic to one of the components (citronnellal, geranial, geraniol, limonene, neral), subjects with asthma without the advice of an allergologist before the first use.

Air repellent
Pour 20 drops of essence of citronella into a diffuser to repel mosquitoes. Use preferably with geranium in equal parts for greater efficacy. Also spray on tablecloths and clothing.

Skin repellent
10 drops of essence of citronella, 10 drops of EO of geranium, 20 drops of neutral CO. Mix the oils and place on the exposed parts of the body. Repeat the application or diffusion every two hours.

Cleansing the air, bad smells (tobacco, etc.)
Diffuse citronella essence in the air or spray on clothing or tablecloths.

Insect bite
Place 1 drop of essence of citronella on each bite.

5 drops of essence of citronella, 10 drops of arnica CO. Apply by massaging twice daily.


It belongs to the Poaceae family (grasses), has long narrow leaves with rough and sharp edges and hollow stems, that are bulbous at the base. It forms clumps of up to thirty centimetres in height and double the width. The essence of Java citronella may take as its slogan, "the scented death of mosquitoes", just like the famous Marie-Rose lotion, enemy of lice, did before. This repulsive action is indeed phenomenal. Citronella, a powerful disinfectant, is the only rival to eucalyptus in terms of environmental hygiene. Greeks and Romans used a similar species they called Indian nard and which was probably Cymbopogon citratus. Its fresh and pungent odour was included in the composition of the famous "royal perfume" of the Parthians, "acme of delight and a reference" according to Pliny. It opened the appetite and favoured digestion. The Romans were not aware of its anti-rheumatism properties but praised its disinfectant virtue. We are told by Pliny that citronella was used as a moth-proofing treatment. It cost the ten denarii a pound in 75 A.D., this very reasonable price means that the "Indian nard" did not come from faraway Asia, in spite of its name.


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